Tag Archives: agents

Toward predictive interfaces: ‘Google Now on tap’

In a prior post I compared “Google Now” and the concept of a Proactive User Interface. It looks like ‘Google Now on tap’ will finally be a step in the right direction.

My first impression from a quick read of some articles is that it is an expansion of the info cards concept with more correlation with current UI context. This is such a powerful, and an extremely obvious feature, that you wonder why this was not done years ago. True, Google will put more search and Big Data power behind this. But, is it really predictive and will it “learn” a users information patterns?

An information pattern example (from my prior post) is a User is viewing a web site. There is a probability that if a certain amount of time is spent or a certain page or article type is visited, that clicking a share button will be followed by predictable actions. For example, sharing a link with a colleague or loved one. The UI presented will then present a proactive plan. See “Proactive User Interface“. Generating information related to context is still requiring the user to perform wasted effort to form and act on immediate action plans. So what are those octocore chips for?

Proactive Interface v2
Diagram of idea

Updates

  • Nov 9, 2015: Google just open sourced a Machine Learning system, TensorFlow.

Links

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Predictive Automotive Apps

In a previous post, “Synergistic Social Agent Network Cloud” I argued for more proactive apps. I was just reading something that is related to that topic: “Ford Hybrid’s EV+ Feature Learns and Automatically Adjusts Powertrain to Deliver More Electric-Only Driving” Also see “Proactive Agents.”

And, today I see this new product: MEMS tackles contextual awareness. The “future” may arrive one day.

The company Omron has been researching technological progress. They came up with SINIC:

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Pedestrian route production patent

Interesting patent issued to Microsoft, “Pedestrian route production“.

This could be seen as application of the general ‘agent’ concepts I wrote about in one of my prior blog posts on Software Agents, “Synergistic Social Agent Network Cloud“.

Further Reading

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Synergistic Social Agent Network Cloud

Summary

Multi-agent systems embedded in the social cloud offer more value then ‘Apps’.

Key words: agents, multi-agent, dynamic networks, social networks, Recommender system, cloud, cloud agent

Synergistic Mobile Agent Social Net MindMap
Synergistic Mobile Agent Social Cloud Mind Map (click for larger view)

Updates

2014-10-28: I see Google is doing a new “Physical Web” effort”. Intro is here.

Background

Mobile apps have not been very gratifying. Testing an app last year gave some clarity to what I felt to be a problem with the current App ecosystem. And, this is not just a mobile issue, but also for traditional computing platforms. I have been thinking of this subject for years. This is just, finally, a very simple and pragmatic example.

Scenario

Last year I downloaded an app that locates the cheapest gas based on my current location. Whether cheap gas should be used in one’s car is not the point here. The app could have been one for finding the best licensed massage therapist or bookstore. The point, is this using mobile computing to its full potential?

What if the cheap gas station is located in an area where crime is very high? Should I risk a carjacking just to save 3 cents? What if I’m about to run out of gas now, is the cheapest gas too far away? We can get even more complicated of course. What if I have to be at an appointment, shouldn’t the cheap criteria be augmented with route info; the cheapest gas is the one easiest to get to on my way to or from my appointment.

In short, the current app is one-dimensional. Real life is multidimensional and the human brain easily makes decisions within this mostly analog fuzzy chaos. If an app cannot make decisions or recommendations in that same world, it collapses the dimensions, it is a dumbing down.

Solution

How can the app be made more dimensional? AGENTS. The app should really be an Agent that cooperates with other agents to fulfill a need, in this case finding cheaper gas. Thus, it should talk to other autonomous agents, such as:

  • calendar
  • law enforcement to grade destination
  • vehicle network for fuel requirements
  • traffic
  • mapper
  • GPS
  • weather
  • retail for
    • quality
    • complaints
    • hours of operation
    • costs
  • Social Net
  • Politics
  • Financial
  • map routing, and so forth.

It should also be informed by human agents in a trusted relationship with the user. What we then have is An Ad Hoc Dynamic Network of Social Agent Recommenders (AhDyNoSAR).

The Mind Map Diagram shown previously gives a contextual view of this idea.

Let’s look at another example. Someone is walking in neighborhood that has a few restaurants. The embedded Agent notes that the last time the person ate was a few hours ago (based on shopping venue, Calendar, etc.). The shop’s agents are contacted and a decision processing workspace is created. Is the person currently viable, do they have cash or credit available? Each store will check inventory and accounting ratios, does it need to offer a discount or promotion to this person? More agents mobilize to assert their criteria. What are the person’s tastes, dietary restrictions and allergies, past intake (who wants pizza twice in one day?), and other multidimensional agents in a problem space hierarchy are evoked.

After all agents complete their reckonings and the spontaneous net reaches a stable resonance, the person’s intimate personal soft computing agents make a decision. It turns out that the person is currently following their spiritual observance and is fasting today. This result is sent into the local agent milieu and starts a new search for resonance, so no food, how about some clothing or reading material? Again a new recommendation graph is created, religious and political leanings are queried, clothing and accessory rules are fired, ah, that is a very old turban, here are some suggestions.

Unfortunately, the person has now walked into a new map space, a neighborhood park. Now new agents awake: social engagement, entertainment, sexual, defensive.

Interface

It would be so gross if the information that this new cloud offers is shown as ads. A better approach is that this information space is entered as a virtual world, using technologies like that of Massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG). The consumer becomes an Avatar moving through Recommendation Space, a superimposed view on current locality based environments. Instead of or in addition to other consumers, the other characters are the various agents most visible recommendation goal.

Antagonistic

Unlike Apps an Agent should always be considered adversarial. That is, even when an agent provides a benefit, it also can allow intentionally or via weaknesses a loss of security and privacy since it must negotiate information with other agents. Thus, though current or future standards may be used, they must be in virtual application spaces that use encrypted anonymous data. This will be just as virus and other malware, an ongoing battle.

Collaboration

It would not be optimal to require a download of an agent to each user’s location or device. Instead, agents will exist in the cloud as a multi-agent system. A user will have a private cloud virtual machine and address space for agent storage and recommendation space. To handle disconnected use, an agent will have a mobile agent shadow. It will provide simple assistance and will punt decisions and actions it cannot handle until connection to the cloud is established.

Monetization

With Apps, the app provider may require purchase or try to enforce lock-in or an advertising monopoly. This can also be accomplished by centralizing the App marketplace. This may not work directly with Agents. Agents may not even provide an obvious visible function. For example, an agent may just contribute parking meter locations and status to other agents that use a map agent.

In the real world eventually someone has to pay the piper. So too will the development and use of agents must be rewarded. Some options are:

  • Advertising:
    An agent can contribute to an advertising stream that ultimately reaches the consumer facing user interface device.
  • Agent micropayments:
    Agents will negotiate among their collaborators to maintain a balance of payments, an agent of agents, and this payment is satisfied by the user or the user’s fee structure that the network provider maintains.
  • Purchase:
    The consumer will purchase agents. If the fidelity and number of agents is adequate the quality of service is greater.
  • Other.

Dangers

Security

Of course, the internet is currently wide open and thus this opens up predation to another level if Agent “sandboxes” are porous, if personal data is not secure.

Privacy

The present cavalier attitudes regarding personal privacy exhibited by the large Internet service providers is a big warning sign that giving agents access to even more information would be just another data mining delicacy ripe for exploitation.

Future

And now for an even more far out scenario. In a classic Science Fiction novel, before a character dies, a copy of their knowledge is captured. This intelligence is then available for implantation into someone as an “Aspect”, an agent that can add its unique expertise and judgment to the human host. That is a more radical direct means for accomplishing something that the social networking may evolve into, a means to collect knowledge and translate that into a ubiquitous intelligence.

Conclusion

Presented was a critique of conventional app centric mobile computing and a suggestion that Agent technology can provide a more realistic computing environment. The term Agent was not defined here. Perhaps the difference with an App is just intent or where the output is ingested. The experts are still debating Agent technology and its applications.

Updates

Acknowledgments

Further Reading

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